5 Different Types of Sushi

Everybody believes that ‘’sushi’’ is a food native to the Japanese but the history of this delicious top menu-meal speaks for itself. Sushi, even in modern times is written in Chinese characters.

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It began with the paddy fields in Southeast Asia, where the fish was fermented with rice vinegar, salt and rice, after which the rice was discarded. The dish is today known as “narezushi” and was introduced into Japan in the Yayori era.

During the Edo period, the rice vinegar was replaced with vinegar, in recent times this ancient meal has strongly been associated with the Japanese culture. Sushi literally means “sour-taste”.

Types of Sushi

The sushi dish is all about its taste of freshness and attractive presentation; it is a beautiful and delicious- a noble adventure for the taste buds. There are several types and recipes of sushi in Asia and the world at large, up to 30 different varieties of this dish exist.

But all these originated from five major, well known traditional sushi varieties:

Nigiri Sushi

Nigiri Sushi

 This is an expensive type of sushi, elegant to gaze upon. Egg omelet, cooked shrimp and thin slice of fresh raw fish are dabbed with a light smear of wasabi paste and deliciously placed on molded steamed sushi rice.

This traditional kind of sushi can be prepared using:

  • Sushi rice
  • Sushi vinegar
  • Nori seaweed
  • Nigiri sushi mould
  • Wasabi sauce
  • Soy sauce
  • Pickled sushi ginger

Topping ideas for Nigiri Sushi may consist of:

  • Fresh raw fish like salmon or yellowfin or tuna fish
  • Smoked salmon
  • Cooked prawn
  • Steamed octopus or squid
  • Grilled eel
  • Avocado and
  • Shiitake mushrooms

Sashimi Sushi

Sashimi Sushi

Unlike the Nigiri sushi, the sashimi sushi is delicately made with slice of raw fish without the molded rice. It is popular with the salmon (sake) and yellowfin tuna (hamachi) recipe.

The sashi recipes are not hard to make but be aware that it really helps if you have some cutting skills. Though this does not influence the taste, but it actually affects the presentation; but when it looks better, your brain can convince you it tastes better

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Any fish can be used to prepare the sashimi dish but the two frequently used are the tuna and the salmon fish, other ingredients for the sashimi sushi include;

  • Wasabi
  • Japanese soy sauce
  • Pickled ginger
  • Mooli (white radish), shredded or spiralised
  • Shiso leaves for better presentation.

Depending on the type of major ingredient used, sashimi comes in numerous varieties, for instance Ahi (a type of sushi) is made using raw tuna fish.

Others include:

  • Aji- raw Spanish Mackerel
  • Amaebi- raw sweet shrimp
  • Anago- saltwater eel
  • Aoyagi- raw round clam
  • Unagi- barbequed freshwater eel
  • Uni- raw sea urchin

Temaki Sushi

This is commonly known among sushi lovers as the “ice-cream” version of sushi. It is a cone-shaped hand roll that resembles an ice-cream.

It is almost always including a type of fish- spilling out of the wide ends. It can only be eaten with bare hands as it is cumbersome to pick up with utensils hence its common name among foreigners “hand roll”.

To prepare the temaki dish, you need to make the seasoned rice called sushi rice, a choice for protein from any kind of raw fish- as the world is your oyster when it comes to choosing an ingredient: from sweet shrimp to Tobiko (flying fish roe), cucumber to Takuan (yellow daikon pickles) for vegetable choices, and do not forget the Nori (seaweed).

Maki Sushi

This is one of the two types of sushi rolls that is made with raw fish and thin vegetable slices and rolled in toasted seaweed, shaped into a snug cylinder shape and chopped into bits sizes.

This original, dreamy, type of sushi can be made a reality using the following ingredients:

  • Sushi rice
  • Nori seaweed
  • Soy sauce
  • Wasabi
  • Sushi ginger and
  • Roasted white roasted sesame seeds

Possible fillings

  • Avocado
  • Cucumber
  • Crab sticks
  • Canned tuna mixed with mayo
  • Prawns
  • Salmon- sashimi grade, raw
  • Tuna- sashimi grade, raw

Uramaki Sushi

This is similar to the maki sushi or rather its direct opposite as the rice is on the outside and the toasted seaweed inside.

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  • Nova lox (sliced into strips)
  • Avocado (peeled, pitted and sliced into strips)
  • Shrimps (cooked in lightly salted water)
  • Pickled ginger
  • Nori (seaweed)
  • Sesame seeds (toasted)
  • Wasabi to serve (optional)
  • Soy sauce (to serve)

Conclusion

Sushi rolls (maki and uramaki) are of many varieties some include; tiger roll, Philadelphia roll, crunch roll, dynamite roll, caterpillar roll, spicy tuna roll, vegetable roll, spider roll, shrimp tempura roll, volcano roll and so on.

All varieties of sushi share almost the same category of ingredients, but the major difference lies mostly in their decorations and presentations. But each type has its own peculiar feeling and taste.

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