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Queerness of Identification in the Philippines in Edith Tiempo’s The Chambers of the Sea

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Queerness of Identification in the Philippines in Edith Tiempo’s The Chambers of the Sea

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Each people, neighborhood or culture is special with its identification. Variety of variables compose the complex surface area as well as endodermis of a neighborhood. Standards, precepts, society, background, economic climate, hegemony as well as ladies, individuals as well as guys alike draw as well as press in influencing each various other. Commonly, individuals that develop as well as bolster the unstable standards, precepts, society as well as hegemony might liberate or put behind bars individuals that create the identical commandment. Resistance to it or extrication from it might suggest an ostracism or nasty name-calling. Any individual that violates the existing comes to be a target of a despotic society. Society comes to be bipolar. It supports yet likewise produces stitches of discomfort. Individuals are left either to subserviently comply with to belong or to extremely battle versus to endure. Or will we state, a rebelling individual in an overbearing society encounters what Helen Cixous calls “castration or decapitation” for not sustaining the leading society.

Among one of the most typical pesky social buildings is human identification. Somewhere else worldwide, individuals are separated, classified, evaluated as well as anticipated according to their composition, standard as well as sex. The concern of women versus male. Each sex is stereotyped according to social assumption. Men are figured to be solid, sensible, sensible, smart, supplier, masters, right, robust while ladies are weak, unreasonable, not logical, idiot, receivers, servants, sex-related things, psychological as well as also worse, mistreated, silenced as well as made wickedness in various media as well as literary works. If an individual is neither a male neither a lady,

Yet what. If an individual opposes all the anticipated duty or identification based from normativity as well as performativity as determined by culture, what. We picture the worst. The sufferer comes to be at risk of the objections of culture where she or he is rushly as well as severely evaluated wickedness, unusual, strange, unclean, unethical or “queer”. This is where the author settings his paper in completely comprehending the really vibrant, introvert life of Edith Tiempo’s debatable personality Tio Teban in the narrative “The Chambers of the Sea” (Tiempo, 2009).

Generally, queer is specified as anything that is unusual, strange, unusual or anything that opposes or doubts a leading society, standard or habits. In the Philippines, to be queer amounts being weak, soft, various, odd or perhaps instant verdicts to being gay or a homosexual.

Lots of scholars thought that culture’s concept regarding sex is deeply instilled on the minds of individuals committed as well as continued by social organizations such as institution, church, household as well as others. Queer concept obstacles this social solutions to comprehend as well as endure sex-related or sex identifications past the misconstrued-passed-on ideas on sex-related classification.

The concept as well as method of queer objection is based upon testing or questioning, disproving the classification of sex as well as sex causing a person’s identification. Identification can not be dealt with as well as is not dealt with. Problems of performativity as well as normativity in connection with sex as well as resistance, sex as well as power connections are likewise tried.

In the Philippines, the institution, the church as well as the household are proactively joining developing, taking care of as well as classifying sex as well as sexuality. Option of shades for the youngsters’s garments would certainly suggest sexuality. Blue for the young boys as well as pink for the women. A mismatched of shades would certainly suggest harmful analyses causing identifying such as lesbian or gay, as if youngsters as well as shades are identified with their sexuality. Youngsters are informed that playing dolls are for women as well as soldier playthings are for the young boys when they expand. Young boys do not weep, papas would certainly state to their young children. Unconditionally, they state that only women weep. As well as these are moved from generation to generation. There is constantly a solid classification in the Philippines loaded with do’s as well as do n’ts for the young boys as well as women as they are bound according to social classification, sexuality as well as their performativity. Any individual that stops working to maintain, anybody that departs, anybody that does not sustain the leading society of the men is classified homosexual or gay with Filipino ranges of bakla, bading, badaf, shoke, Darna as well as various other denigrating names.

The tale Chambers of the Sea by Edith Tiempo sublty as well as gently shows a male called Teban Ferrer or Tio Teban (Uncle Teban), as dealt with by the storyteller that expands from Bangan as well as his diaspora to Dumaguete, whose maturing as well as ultimate maturation is taken into an examination, analysis, uncertainty as well as examination based from his sexuality or normativity as well as performativity. The haunting inquiry whether Tio Teban is gay, homosexual or queer is concentrated in the lens of queer concept as well as evaluation.

Tio Teban remains in the middle of solid binary revers where personalities are anticipated according to performativity as well as heteronormativity. His household from Bangan, with its enormous land, on the left pressure as well as his newly found household with his relative in Dumaguete on the. His household contains solid men: his daddy that dislikes Tio Teban’s womanish practices, Antero, his brother-in-law that literally tills the land of the whole household as well as his sis Quirina that desires him to proceed his daddy’s tradition of the land. The social assumption of Tio Teban’s household is high based from his meant efficiency as male as well as heterosexuality.

In Dumaguete, with its limitless sea, Tio Teban has a lot more relief with the softer, weak setting. His relative Amalia is a common homemaker that executes social duty according to her sexuality, a mommy to 4 youngsters. Generally, Amalia’s functions are included Tio Teban when the previous runs for household duties. His better half’s spouse is an easy man that never ever concerns his practices for he shows a silent man that supplies.

Amalia’s genuine wild youngsters slam as well as question Tio Teban’s various practices. Their ill-humoured giggling resembles Tio Teban’s instant household that severely condemns his queerness. Due to the fact that he does not carry out as well as he protests the standard of a common man, as anticipated he was tiny to a weak, strange as well as slow-moving person. Psychologically, they are lashing him out for his queerness. His daddy, that is meant to comprehend him for that he is, is the initial to reject him. His reasoning is based from Tio Teban’s “womanish personality” as well as can not forgive his only kid for ending up being so like him in appearances however fairly unlike him in his methods (p. 103). Tio Teban’s daddy has ridicule on his disposition to growing a rose yard, repainting as well as attracting utilizing watercolours, his walking in the countryside, his continuous analysis of literary works, his stature as well as scrunching up your eyes in his eyes. All these are past his daddy’s approval.

Yet most of all these artefacts, do we see him strike back versus his household also if they upset, despise as well as also knock him for being various for stopping working to “please their egocentric wish” of desiring him to be that he is not. He really felt breached as well as subjected. From an issue in between “battle or trip”, he selects a silent, tenacious choice of leaving his household in the quest of graduate researches in Dumaguete where he effectively completed a Master’s level in Government. It can be obtained from an emotional viewpoint that he displaced his quiet disobedience versus his household right into scholastic quest where his household can not reach him in the intellectual as well as psychological aircraft. He selects his fight with an intellectual beauty versus the harsh furrows of the land. His identification, though various, unusual as well as queer from the reasoning of his household as well as the youngsters of Amalia, Tio Teban enjoys with himself. His identification for himself is not a problem, not an inquiry, not an issue however instead a selection. When individuals when again question as well as assess him according to his sex as well as duty, his stature just comes to be beleaguered. In this message, Tio Teban comes to be a good example of a positivist existentialist that discovers joy in the middle of individuals’s excessive fixation of his identification. He selects as he pleases without individual agitations. He has no id on the other hand with the preferred concept. Their concept is likewise impacted, affected as well as wrapped up too by socially built developed objections versus not-so-typical man like Tio Teban. The inquiry on what he is carrying out in his space in Dumaguete is even more of an individual self-questioning in regards to business economics. He, with an MA level, continues to be manageable in his relative’s home. He is once more required by culture to function according to his heterosexuality. The option is his.

Uncertainty of his identification versus his individual option instead of the social assumption as well as labelling of his stained sex identification goes through an examination finishing in a crystal clear remarkable close of the tale. He obtained a letter on the death of his daddy. Tio Teban ended up being an identity with 2 faces as he goes to the sea. He summons his pain yet discovers joy on assuming on the fatality of a papa that is significantly prejudiced versus him. Without his daddy, there is even more of himself, freedom. The hegemony of power possessed as well as developed by his household just suppresses him. Therefore, with his daddy’s fatality there is even more individual emancipation from the noticeable household as well as social assumption as opposed to lamentation. The queer comes to be clear. He celebrates on his real self. He is neither a lady neither a male; neither a mythological merman neither a mermaid however an individual. He enjoys of what he lacks a tag. His queerness, from individuals’s understanding, is just a misconception. All the globe is a phase, as well as individuals have various functions to play. A guy requires to be pleased whether with a small or a significant duty in this huge globe of identifications just built by ladies as well as guys. As the storyteller secures it “At the very least Tio Teban understood one point for himself as he transformed as well as strolled quickly away.” Tio Teban is “He is what he is” a hierros gamos, a union of man as well as a lady; homosexual neither not gay however an individual with a designated edge overhead, with a particular niche in the land as well as has his very own “chamber in the sea” … 


Disadvantage Davis, Robert as well as Ronald Scheliefer. (1989 ). Contemporary Literary Concept: Literary Works as well as Social Researches. New York City: Longman, Inc. 

Tiempo, Edith (2009 ). “The Chambers of the Sea”. Mosaic: Compilation in Philippine Literary Works in English Manila: PNU Press.

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